Impacts of War and Feminism: Propaganda Edit
Impacts of war on women and propaganda and media during the wars involving women.
Propaganda WWIPropaganda in World War I set high expectations for the woman. They were in charge of watching over and protecting the home as well as being the object of men’s affection and the enemy’s victim. At the same time, they were resilient and active counterparts in the war effort. Propaganda during war time was to make the war and going to war seem more appealing. One way media did this was by getting women to support the war with advertisements (like the ones
displayed on the right) encouraged women that if they supported their husband or other men going to war, they could get a job. Propaganda also showed women missing their husbands and just waiting for them to come back. One slogan was “weep, wait, and be worthy.” Women couldn’t actually be out working and having fun, they had to be missing their husbands while contributing to the community. They were necessary for the war effort in that they had to take over the work that men had been doing, but stay a women and do all the housework and take care of the kids but also await the arrival of their husbands back from war. Media to reach out to women, because they were the ones who were going to be in charge when the men left to fight, and propaganda tried to get women to be for the war by saying they can get jobs and be strong independent women but to also not go out of the bounds of what a women needs to be- a caretaker inside of the home.
Propaganda in World War II
World War II caused many men to be drafted which lead many of the factories with minimal employees. Therefore, the government decided to aim propoganda at women.
Posters such as these (WWII 1 and WWII 2 on right) were aimed at women who were not already involved in the war effort. The government attempted to appeal to the women’s sense of patriotism. It would not do women any good to sit at home and wait for their husbands and sons to return. However, if they were able to take part in the war they may be happy to bring their husbands and sons home from the war. It made women feel that they did not take these factory jobs they were turning against nationalism- against their country.
The propaganda on the right (WWII 3 and WWII 4) was created to reassure women that they taking part in the war effort was beneficial. Since our traditional gender norms stress the importance of women supporting the household, many women were hesitate to leave their household. It has been ingrained in society's minds that if women were to leave the household everything would crumble. Therefore, these posters were created to reassure women that it was okay to leave their household because they had to fill in for their husbands. Propaganda such as these represented the factory work as house-world. Even though women were working in the factories they are still supporting the household(Fadel).
FADEL, LEILA. "Rosie The Scribbler." Columbia Journalism Review 53.2 (2014): 19-21. Communication & Mass Media Complete. Web. 4 May 2015
The Vietnam War
The Vietnam War was a major stepping-stone for the woman’s voice within propaganda. The war in itself was the first war to ever be publicized and shown on televisions in homes all over America. This being a vital time, the media coverage of the war gave a voice to citizens all over the country who spoke out and protested or supported the war, especially women, more specifically Jane Fonda. Jane Fonda is an actress, writer and political activists. Jane became a major media figure during the war based on her own political believes and her access to the media which “gave a woman a voice.” Whether it was a voice America wanted to hear or not it was still a monumental time for a woman in the media speaking about political issues of war. In an interview with the North Vietnamese commander after the “Hanoi Jane”(Image on right Vietnam 1) incident occurred, General Vo Nguyen Giap said “The war was fought on many fronts. At that time the most important one was American public opinion.” This I think pretty much explains that with the war going on in Vietnam there was also a war going on here in America with the media, and public opinion. Because of the acts publicized by Jane Fonda, such as visiting torture camps and sitting on the enemy’s tanks, she became known as an enemy to America and was publicized as “Hanoi Jane.” Even still today there is propaganda floating around about her with her picture on bulls eyes etc.
Along with women in the media protesting the war, at this time America was also publicizing recruitment of females for the war. Around 7,000 American military women served in Vietnam as volunteer nurses. Women served as nurses for a variety of reasons.
They were being highly recruited as there was a high demand and through this they received training and education along with furthering their military skills and to prove themselves as a woman and prove what they can do. Some refer to women in the Vietnam war as the invisible veterans as they put their lives on the line along with saving lives but were given hardly any military credit for it.